Raphael
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Raphael Museum
April 6 or March 28, 1483 – April 6, 1520. Italian painter.

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Here are all the paintings of John James Audubon 01

ID Painting  Oil Pantings, Sorted from A to Z     Painting Description
27967 Golden Eagle John James Audubon Golden Eagle 1833-4 watercolour graphite and pencil 96.6 x 64.7 cm (38 x 251/2 in) New York Historical Society (mk63)
31862 Great Blue Heron John James Audubon Great Blue Heron mk77 1821,1834 Watercolor and oil 36x25 3/8in
2305 Roseate Spoonbill John James Audubon Roseate Spoonbill 1835-38
50914 Stanley Hawk John James Audubon Stanley Hawk mk217
72706 Startled Deer A Prairie Scene John James Audubon Startled Deer A Prairie Scene Date ca. 1847(1847) Medium Oil on canvas Dimensions 96 X 152.2 cm (37.8 X 59.92 in) cyf
56200 the american wild turkey cock John James Audubon the american wild turkey cock mk247 1826,oil on canvas,60x48 in,155x123 cm,university of liverpool art gallery,uk
2304 White Gerfalcons John James Audubon White Gerfalcons   

John James Audubon
1785-1851 Audubon, John James ~ Bobwhite (Virginia Partridge), 1825Audubon developed his own methods for drawing birds. First, he killed them using fine shot to prevent them from being torn to pieces. He then used fixed wires to prop them up into a natural position, unlike the common method of many ornithologists of first preparing and stuffing the specimens into a rigid pose. When working on a major specimen, like an eagle, he would spend up to four 15 hour days, preparing, studying, and drawing it.[53] His paintings of birds are set true-to-life in their natural habitat and often caught them in motion, especially feeding or hunting. This was in stark contrast with the stiff representations of birds by his contemporaries, such as Alexander Wilson. He also based his paintings on his own field observations. He worked primarily with watercolor early on, then added colored chalk or pastel to add softness to feathers, especially those of owls and herons.[54] He would employ multiple layers of watercoloring, and sometimes use gouache. Small species were often drawn to scale, placed on branches with berries, fruit, and flowers, sometimes in flight, and often with many individual birds to present all views of anatomy. Larger birds were often placed in their ground habitat or perching on stumps. At times, as with woodpeckers, he would combine several species on one page to offer contrasting features. Nests and eggs are frequently depicted as well, and occasionally predators, such as snakes. He usually illustrated male and female variations, and sometimes juveniles. In later drawings, he had aides render the habitat for him. Going behind faithful renderings of anatomy, Audubon employed carefully constructed composition, drama, and slightly exaggerated poses to achieve artistic as well as scientific effects.
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